Additional Resources


Finesurrey, Samuel and Gary Greaves (2021) “A Brief History Black Struggles for Liberation in the United States.”

Finesurrey, Samuel and Gary Greaves (2021) “The Logic and Outcomes of U.S. Empire

Finesurrey, Samuel, Waleska Cabrera, Meldis Jimenez, Brittiny Ando, Alanna Garcia, Alexander Garcia, Jayden Johnstone, Abdul Mohammed, Sheylany Paulino, Edwin Reed, Emelyn Saavedra, Gisselle Saavedra, Rajendra Singh, Aysia Smith, and Marlena Syriaque (June 2021) “Dreaming of Home: Youth Researchers of Color Address NYC’s Housing Crisis,”

Kelkar, Kamala (2017) “How a Shifting Definition of ‘White’ Helped Shape U.S. Immigration,” The Nation.

Klein, Christopher “When America Despised the Irish: The 19th Century’s Refugee Crisis

Larson, Julia (2008)  “David Ruggles (1810-1849)” Black Past.

Governor Robert Hunter to Lord of Trade (1712-1713) “Letters on the 1712 Slave Revolt.”

New York Slavery Index

Pérez, Lisandro (2018) “Sugar, Cigars, and Revolution: The Making of Cuban New York” (New York, NYC: NYU Press).

Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture, “Black New Yorkers (1613-1865),” Black New Yorkers (1866-1915),” “Black New Yorkers (1916-1939), “Black New Yorkers (1940-1959),” andBlack New Yorkers (1960-2010).” 

Singer, Alan J. (2018) “The Case Against Peter Stuyvesant,” New York Almanack.

Surrey, David (1982) “Draft RiotsChoice of Conscience (New York, NY: Praeger).

Waters, Mary, (2015) “Scholar Spotlight: What Everyone Should Know About the Integration of Immigrants in the U.S.” Reimagining Migration: Our Story, Our Approach.

Immigration 1850-1920

Video Resources