Additional Resources


Finesurrey, Samuel and Gary Greaves (2021) “A Brief History Black Struggles for Liberation in the United States.”

Larson, Julia (2008)  “David Ruggles (1810-1849)” Black Past.

Governor Robert Hunter to Lord of Trade (1712-1713) “Letters on the 1712 Slave Revolt.”

Pérez, Lisandro (2018) “Sugar, Cigars, and Revolution: The Making of Cuban New York” (New York, NYC: NYU Press).

Schomberg Center for Research in Black Culture, “Black New Yorkers (1613-1865),” Black New Yorkers (1866-1915),” “Black New Yorkers (1916-1939), “Black New Yorkers (1940-1959),” andBlack New Yorkers (1960-2010).” 

Singer, Alan J. (2018) “The Case Against Peter Stuyvesant,” New York Almanack.

Surrey, David (1982) “Draft RiotsChoice of Conscience (New York, NY: Praeger).

Video Resources